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Coat of arms of Hungary

Posted by rod - 04.12.2010

The current coat of arms of Hungary was adopted on July 3, 1990, after the end of the Communist regime. The arms have been used before, both with and without the Holy Crown of Hungary, sometimes as part of a larger, more complex coat of arms, and its elements date back to the Middle Ages. The shield is split into two parts:

The sinister (right side from the viewers point) consists of a silver double cross on red base, situated inside a small golden crown, the crown is placed on the middle heap of three green hills, representing mountain ranges (Tátra, Mátra, Fátra) (strictly in this order) as written in István WerbÅ‘czy’s ‘Tripartitium’, but this is not explained there. The first explanation of the hills are from a Portuguese Jesuit Antonius Macedo in his work “Divi Tutelares…” from 1687, writing: “mons essurgit numero triplex qui tres praecipuos eiusdem regni monti significant”, but not naming them. Later in the 18th century, two other Jesuits, József Koller in “Cerographia” and Timon “Imago Novae Hungariae” state that “Alteram scuti partem Montes Regni praecipui, iique summi insigniunt. Nomen illis: Tatra, Matra, Fatra vulgare passim (…) atque omnium est cognitum”. Timon adds, that the double cross is an ancient symbol of the Kingdom of Hungary, to which the three hills were connected. Finally, a not so well-known theory for the triple hills is that it symbolizes the hills of Calvaria (Golgota), where Jesus was crucified.

The dexter (left side from the viewers point) features the so-called Árpád stripes, four silver and four red stripes. It is sometimes said that the silver stripes represent four rivers (Duna,Tisza, Dráva, Száva). via wikipedia

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